Four electrical grade wafers were delivered, plus one that was damaged during fabrication. Each wafer has three hybrids, hence the electrical grade wafers have 12 hybrids and two of the hybrids on the damaged wafer are not affected by the damage. Initial connectivity test with probe needles gave the following results

  • All 14 hybrids show a short between power and ground, with a resistance dominated by the contact resistance of the needles.
  • None of the signal lines seem to be shorted to ground (veryfied on one hybrid)
  • A selection of signal lines were probed on one hybrid, all where connected correctly.

Thermal imaging, Wafer 08, Hybrid 2

This is the middle hybrid of the damaged wafer. The GND and PWR pads on the power end of the hybrid were connected with 17 bond wires and the voltage difference between the GND and PWR plane was monitoried on the signal end of the hybrid. The V/I characteristics and corresponding resistance are shown below.The graph called Vin is the voltage at the input on the power end, and Vmon is the voltage measured at the signal end.


The current was scanned many times up to increasing maximum values. Two hot-spots were became visible on the hybrid after a few power cycles.


After a few power cycles up to maximums between 5 and 10 A, the the lower hotspot disappeared, but the short remained.


These two spots don't correspond to any particular features in the layout.


After a further few cycles the short disappeared, and a small crater is visible on the location of the upper hot spot. No damage is visible on the location of the other hot spot.



Thermal imaging, Wafer 08, Hybrid 1

The same measurements were repeated with hybrid 1 on wafer 8, but this time with a solder connection and only on the power end of the hybrid. The V/I characteristics are shown below.


The difference in measured resistance (77 vs. 238 mOhm) could be due to the contact resistance. The hybrid was powered repeatedly up to 10 A but no hot spots were visible. All heat dissipation seem to be at the power pads of the hybrids.


Comparison w08, Hybrid 1 & 2

High resolution images of the same location of Hybrid 1 and 2, both with 5 A current.


Thermal imaging, Wafer 01, Hybrid 1

Hybrid 1 on wafer 01 was powered using spring loaded pins on a custom made powering jig. The power supply was in current control mode and the following hotspot was seen at Iin=100 mA and Vin=0.835 V. The pictures show an overview thermal image and a high resolution image of the area, with and without power.



The short had an approximate resistance of 8 Ohms and almost disappeared at 150 mA current. It was transformed in to a 15 Ohm short that then disappeared at 150 mA. No visible damage is seen in the area (see photo below). The circuit was powered with 35 V between PWR and GND planes for 15 minutes and the measured current was approximately 50 uA.


Thermal imaging, Wafer 01, Hybrid 2

Hybrid 1 on wafer 01 was powered using spring loaded pins on a custom made powering jig. The power was supplied in current control mode via the power pads in both ends and at 4A and 362 mV the following hotspot was observed.


This is a high resolution image of the area at 7A and 680mV and without power


The short had an approximate resistance of 0.1 Ohm and was burnt away at 9A and 1.04 V. A second short with much higher resistance (approximately12 Ohms) then became visible, here shown at 100mA and 1.17V.


The short disappeard at 250 mA with no visible damage in the area. The hybrid was powered with 35 V between GND and PWR for 15 minutes and the current was approximately 10 uA.

Wafer 01 Hybrid 3

Hybrid 3 on wafer 1 was powered up to 3 A (Vin = 359 mV @ 3A) without showing any hotspots. Unfortunately the power supply pad burnt out which prevented further investigation of the hybrid.

-- LarsEklund - 2010-07-21

Topic attachments
I Attachment History Action Size Date Who Comment
JPEGjpg 100mA1170mV_PEsupply_SE_hotspot.jpg r1 manage 13.2 K 2010-08-09 - 20:25 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 100mA1170mV_PEsupply_SE_hotspot_highres.jpg r1 manage 20.0 K 2010-08-09 - 20:26 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 100mA835mV_PEsupply_hotspot.jpg r1 manage 10.0 K 2010-08-09 - 20:09 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 100mA835mV_PEsupply_hotspot_highRes.jpg r1 manage 19.5 K 2010-08-09 - 20:09 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 10A2862mV_22to60deg_SE_cropped.jpg r1 manage 20.6 K 2010-07-21 - 17:06 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 4A362mV_SupplyBothEnds_hotspot.jpg r1 manage 14.8 K 2010-08-09 - 20:20 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 4p5AfromCold_21to32deg_SE_cropped.jpg r1 manage 26.2 K 2010-07-21 - 16:45 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 5A361mV_22to36deg_PE.jpg r1 manage 12.4 K 2010-07-21 - 17:10 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg 7A680mV_SupplyBothEnds_hotspot_highRes.jpg r1 manage 28.8 K 2010-08-09 - 20:20 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg Hotspot1_5A.jpg r1 manage 9.8 K 2010-07-21 - 17:15 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg Hyb2_BurntHotspot.jpg r1 manage 84.1 K 2010-07-21 - 16:58 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg Hyb2_BurntHotspot_close.jpg r1 manage 62.1 K 2010-07-21 - 16:58 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg LayoutScreenShot.jpg r1 manage 111.0 K 2010-07-21 - 16:52 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg PowerPads_10A.jpg r1 manage 11.9 K 2010-07-21 - 17:12 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg Rin_Hyb1_w08.jpg r1 manage 24.3 K 2010-07-21 - 16:36 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg Rin_Hyb2_w08.jpg r1 manage 21.7 K 2010-07-21 - 16:36 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg SamePosAsHotSpotOnHyb1_5A.jpg r1 manage 23.2 K 2010-07-21 - 17:15 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg VI_Hyb1_w08.jpg r1 manage 24.6 K 2010-07-21 - 16:36 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg VI_Hyb2_w08.jpg r1 manage 23.9 K 2010-07-21 - 16:36 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg noPower_PEsupply_SE_hotspot_highres.jpg r1 manage 25.3 K 2010-08-09 - 20:28 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg noPower_PEsupply_hotspot_highRes.jpg r1 manage 19.5 K 2010-08-09 - 20:10 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg noPower_SupplyBothEnds_hotspot_highRes.jpg r1 manage 24.7 K 2010-08-09 - 20:20 LarsEklund  
JPEGjpg w1h1_hotspot_afterBurn_noDamage.jpg r1 manage 65.1 K 2010-08-09 - 20:10 LarsEklund  
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