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Using AFS At Glasgow

Local AFS Cell (/afs/phas.gla.ac.uk)

File System Layout

Beneath /afs/phas.gla.ac.uk are the following directories:

  • backup : Snap shot backups for user home directories and other files. The snap shot is done each night at 1am.
  • data : Large store area, not backed up.
  • group : Group based storage area, backed up.
  • project :
  • system : Common programs installed system wide.
  • user : User home directories are stored under this directory. The initial quota on home directories is 50GB. Nightly snap shot backups and long term backups.

Backups

Overnight backups of user home areas are taken at 1am each night. These backups are user accessible and can be found in /afs/phas.gla.ac.uk/backup/user/_letter_/_username_. Longer term backups are also done - nightly snapshots of user home directories are retained for 7 days except that the snapshots done on a Saturday are retained for two months and the snapshots done on the first Saturday of each month are retained for six months. These longer term backups are not user accessible please contact SystemAdministrators to request a file to be recovered.

Cronjobs

Normal cronjobs can not write to the afs file system and can only read the publicly accessible parts of the file system. Cronjobs which require access to the afs file system can be created using the kcrontab command.

Batch system

The currrent batch system (acess from the machine ppepbs.physics.gla.ac.uk) will not be able to access the local afs cell. A new batch system has been setup which can access the afs file system and which is accessible from any linux desktop machine that has been moved onto the new system.

To use the new system simply use the normal qsub and qstat commands from any PPE linux desktop that has been moved over the the new system.

Home web pages

User's home web pages are served from the directory public_html in their home directory. The web server will use the public_html directory in the afs file system of an account moved over to the afs in preference to the public_html directory in the old account. Until files are moved from the old public_html directory to the new directory a user's web pages will be inaccessible. It is important to move the files under the public_html directory in the old NFS file system to the new public_html directory and not to move the public_html directory itself due to afs file permissions. For example to do this use the command:

mv /home/_username_/public_html/* /afs/phas.gla.ac.uk/user/_letter_/_username_/public_html/

Substituting _letter_ and _username_ as required.

Common AFS commands

  • fs lq : List the size and amount used of the volume of the current working directory.
  • fs listacl : List the acl (access control list) for the current working directory.
  • fs setacl dir user/group permissions : Add to the acl of a directory.

AFS ACLs (Protecting Data)

AFS file systems use directory based ACLs to determine the access permissions for a given file. The following is taken from the afs documentation (http://docs.openafs.org/AdminGuide/ch15s02.html):

  • The permissions on a directory's ACL apply to all of the files in the directory. When you move a file to a different directory, you effectively change the access permissions that apply to it to those on its new directory's ACL. Changing a directory's ACL changes the protection on all the files in it.
  • When you create a subdirectory, its initial ACL is created as a copy of its parent directory's ACL. You can then change the subdirectory's ACL independently. However, the parent directory's ACL continues to control access to the subdirectory in the following way: the parent directory's ACL must grant the l (lookup) permission to a user (or a group the user belongs to) in order for the user to access the subdirectory at all.

By default the following directories are created in a user's afs home area:

  • private - access only for the user and the system administrator, this is also the default for any new directories.
  • public - public (world wide) access for anyone.
  • public_html - public (world wide) access for anyone, user web pages belong here.
  • public_ppe - readable to the ppe group only.

To see the acl list on a directory use the command fs listacl dir . The allow a user or group user read access to a directory dir :

fs setacl dir user read

To give write permissions:

fs setacl dir user write

And to remove all permissions for a user or group:

fs setacl dir user none

System administrator access is required to all directories to allow backups to be taken.

Accessing the CERN afs cell (/afs/cern.ch)

To get an afs token to use with the cern afs cell (/afs/cern.ch) from any ppe linux machine do:

$ kinit <lxplus user name>@CERN.CH
$ aklog

-- AndrewPickford - 2009-10-14

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Topic revision: r8 - 2012-07-03 - AndrewPickford
 
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